The Copyright Alert System (CAS) was rolled out in late February 2013. CAS constitutes the United States realization of the international concept of “graduated response programs:” frameworks for media owners to address alleged online copyright infringements with computer users through their Internet Service Providers (ISPs). Key features of CAS – and other graduated response programs – are the monitoring of peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing systems followed by electronic notifications of supposed violations to the user of the computer as well as measures against her that increase in severity with every instance. CAS is a private “six strikes” program based on an agreement between major media corporations and ISPs setting up the so-called Center for Copyright Information (CCI). The consortium’s website describes CAS’ features and emphasizes its educational nature, noting especially that no mandatory termination is built into the agreement and that commercial accounts are not meant to be affected. The Electronic Frontier Foundation, EFF, launched a FAQ of their own when CAS was initiated, however, and pointed out that vast amounts of local businesses are small and reliant on residential-type online access so that in fact “CAS will chill open Wi-Fi.”
Now, two months after the introduction of CAS, how has public access to the Internet already been affected? Where did this scheme come from – and where is it going?